A look at the major events of the conflict during January 1916:
Under the command of Canadian General Charles Macpherson Dobeli, British forces capture Taunde in the Cameroons
|“Sir Charles Macpherson Dobell” by John Singer Sargenthttp://jssgallery.org/Paintings/10242.html Licensed under Public Domain via Commons|
The P&O British cargo ship SS Geelong sinks in the Mediterranean Sea following a collision with a British steamer. She was on a voyage from Sydney via Port Said to Gibraltar and London with a general cargo that included tea and lead.
A relief force starts out from Ali Al-Garbi to save the besieged defenders of Ku-al-Amara.
An Inter-Allied Conference is held in Rome.
The Battle of Sheikh Sa’ad begins along the bank of the Tigris River between the Anglo-Indian Tigris Corps and the Ottoman Sixth Army.
|“Field Guns In Action at Sheikh Saad” by Unknown – The Times History of the War vol. XII.
Licensed under Public Domain via Commons https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Field_Guns_In_Action_at_Sheikh_Saad.jpg
British forces capture the forward Turkish positions as Sheikh Sa’ad.
Under the command of Lieutenant General Sir Fenton John Aylmer the Battle of Sheikh Sa’ad ends – the first in a series of assaults by the Tigris Corps to attempt to break through the Ottoman lines to relieve the besieged garrison at Kut-al-Amara.
The Allied evacuation of Helles marks the end of the Gallipoli Campaign. During the course of this horrifically failed action an estimated 27,000 French, and 115,000 British and dominion troops – Great Britain and Ireland, Australia, New Zealand, India, and Newfoundland – were killed or wounded. Of these, 73,485 were British and Irish troops.
|Picture of troops being evacuated from the Telegraph archives (here)|
General Sir Archibald Murray succeeds Sir Charles Munro as Commander of the Mediterranean Expeditionary Force.
Corfu is occupied by Allied troops
An Armistice is drawn up between Montenegro and Austria as peace talks between the two nations begin.
The Battle of Wadi takes place. This conflict is an unsuccessful attempt by Lieutenant General Sir Fenton John Aylmer to relieve the beleaguered forces under siege by the Ottoman Army at Kut-al-Amara.
|Picture from mystateshistory.com|
Lieutenant General Sir Percy Lake is appointed as Commander-in-Chief in Mesopotamia, replacing Sir John Nixon.
French General Maurice-Paul-Emmanuel Sarrail assumes command of all Allied forces in Salonika.
The Armistice between Montenegro and Austria ceases as negotiations break down.
Another attempt to relieve Kut-al-Amara – this time a British assault on Turkish positions at the Battle of Hanna – fails.
Austro-Hungarian forces capture Scutari on the Sothern Front.
British forces attack Senussi tribesmen at Halazin near the Mediterranean seaport of Mersa Matruh.
German officer Reinhard Scheer is promoted to Admiral and given control of the High Seas Fleet.
|“Admiral Scheer” by Bain News Service, publisher
This image is available from the United States Library of Congress’s Prints and
Photographs division under the digital ID ggbain.23681. From Wikipedia
The personal envoy of US President Wilson, Edward House, meets with German officials in Berlin on a mission for peace.
Sir Charles Townsend sends a communication to the Kut garrision in order to boost the flagging moral of the besieged troops.
The Military Service Act 1916 is passed by British parliament to introduce conscription. This now requires all unmarried men and widowers between ages of 18-41, who have no dependants, to make themselves available for national service.
|Picture from IWM archives|
Paris is bombed by German Zeppelins.
East Anglia and the midlans are bombed in a German Airship raid.