WWI: Fifty two months, fifty two posts – 18 – Another Month of War

A look at the major events of the conflict during January 1916:

Saturday 1st
Under the command of Canadian General Charles Macpherson Dobeli, British forces capture Taunde in the Cameroons

“Sir Charles Macpherson Dobell” by John Singer Sargenthttp://jssgallery.org/Paintings/10242.html  Licensed under Public Domain via Commons

Sunday 2nd
The P&O British cargo ship SS Geelong sinks in the Mediterranean Sea following a collision with a British steamer. She was on a voyage from Sydney via Port Said to Gibraltar and London with a general cargo that included tea and lead.

Tuesday 4th
A relief force starts out from Ali Al-Garbi to save the besieged defenders of Ku-al-Amara.

Wednesday 5th
An Inter-Allied Conference is held in Rome.

Thursday 6th
The Battle of Sheikh Sa’ad begins along the bank of the Tigris River between the Anglo-Indian Tigris Corps and the Ottoman Sixth Army.

“Field Guns In Action at Sheikh Saad” by Unknown – The Times History of the War vol. XII.
Licensed under Public Domain via Commons

Friday 7th
British forces capture the forward Turkish positions as Sheikh Sa’ad.

Saturday 8th
Under the command of Lieutenant General Sir Fenton John Aylmer the Battle of Sheikh Sa’ad ends – the first in a series of assaults by the Tigris Corps to attempt to break through the Ottoman lines to relieve the besieged garrison at Kut-al-Amara.

Sunday 9th
The Allied evacuation of Helles marks the end of the Gallipoli Campaign. During the course of this horrifically failed action an estimated 27,000 French, and 115,000 British and dominion troops – Great Britain and Ireland, Australia, New Zealand, India, and Newfoundland – were killed or wounded. Of these, 73,485 were British and Irish troops.

Picture of troops being evacuated from the Telegraph archives (here)

Monday 10th
General Sir Archibald Murray succeeds Sir Charles Munro as Commander of the Mediterranean Expeditionary Force.

Tuesday 11th
Corfu is occupied by Allied troops

Wednesday 12th
An Armistice is drawn up between Montenegro and Austria as peace talks between the two nations begin.

Thursday 13th
The Battle of Wadi takes place. This conflict is an unsuccessful attempt by Lieutenant General Sir Fenton John Aylmer to relieve the beleaguered forces under siege by the Ottoman Army at Kut-al-Amara.

Picture from mystateshistory.com

Friday 14th
Lieutenant General Sir Percy Lake is appointed as Commander-in-Chief in Mesopotamia, replacing Sir John Nixon.

Sunday 16th
French General Maurice-Paul-Emmanuel Sarrail assumes command of all Allied forces in Salonika.

Thursday 20th
The Armistice between Montenegro and Austria ceases as negotiations break down.

Friday 21st
Another attempt to relieve Kut-al-Amara – this time a British assault on Turkish positions at the Battle of Hanna – fails.

Sunday 23rd
Austro-Hungarian forces capture Scutari on the Sothern Front.

British forces attack Senussi tribesmen at Halazin near the Mediterranean seaport of Mersa Matruh.

Monday 24th
German officer Reinhard Scheer is promoted to Admiral and given control of the High Seas Fleet.

“Admiral Scheer” by Bain News Service, publisher
This image is available from the United States Library of Congress’s Prints and
Photographs division under the digital ID ggbain.23681. 
From Wikipedia  

Tuesday 25th
The personal envoy of US President Wilson, Edward House, meets with German officials in Berlin on a mission for peace.

Wednesday 26th
Sir Charles Townsend sends a communication to the Kut garrision in order to boost the flagging moral of the besieged troops.

Thursday 27th
The Military Service Act 1916 is passed by British parliament to introduce conscription. This now requires all unmarried men and widowers between ages of 18-41, who have no dependants, to make themselves available for national service.

Picture from IWM archives

Saturday 29th
Paris is bombed by German Zeppelins.

Monday 31st
East Anglia and the midlans are bombed in a German Airship raid.

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