A look at the major events of the conflict during April 2016
British forces on the River Tigris renew their attempts to break Turkish lines and relieve the besieged garrison at Kut-al-Amara.
More than 100 men and boys die in an explosion at the Explosives Loading Company munitions factory in Faversham, Kent as a store of TNT and ammonium nitrate blows up.
|Further pictures and details can be found here:
The Greek Government refuse to allow an overland route for Serbian troops from Corfu to Salonika.
Russian General Aleksei Brusilov replaces General Nikolay Iudovich Ivanov as commander of the Southern Front.
Allies make a final attempt to relieve the garrison at Kut-al-Amara but despite initial success in Falahiya the Turks hold the garrison.
German troops push forward toward Bethincourt and Hill 265 in the Battle of Verdun.
Russian foreces renew their offensive at Lake Naroch, with limited success
French forces evacuate Bethincourt at Verdun.
German forces launch a co-ordinated attack on both side of the Meuse and capture part of Le Mort Homme (which includes Hill 256 and Hill 296), northwest of Verdun.
In Paris the international Olympic Committee confirm that the Games will not be held until the War is over.
Portuguese troops occupy Kionga in German East Africa.
Aircraft of the Royal Naval Air Service fly from Mudros and attack Constantinople and Adrianople.
The Serbian Army land at Salonika (having sailed from Corfu).
German forces bombard Hill 304 at Verdun.
British forces in German East Africa launch and attack on Kondoa Irangi.
Russian forces capture Trebizond on the Black Sea from Turkey with no opposition.
British forces capture Kondoa Irangi in German East Africa
Russian troops arrive at Marseilles form the Far East to fight in France.
Irish revolutionary Roger Casement lands at Tralee Bay in County Kerry, Ireland from a German Submarine and is arrested by British authorities.*
A British forces attack on Sanna-i-Yat is repulsed during the Siege of Kut.
The river steamer HMS Julnar sinks during a final attempt to provide supplies to the besieged troops at Kut-al-Amara.
The Easter Risings begin in Ireland when Republicans stage an armed insurrection against British rule with the aim of establishing an independent Ireland.*
|The Declaration that was read out on the steps of Dublin’s
General Post Office by Patrick Pearse (who had written most of it)
A German naval squadron bombard Lowestoft and Great Yarmouth on the east coast of Britain.
An agreement is signed in Berlin for the repatriation of sick and wounded British and German POWs to Switzerland.
British Gunboat Helga bombards the city of Dublin from the River Liffy and destroys Liberty Hall.*
Lord-Lieutenant of Ireland, Lord Wimborne, proclaims martial law in Ireland.*
After nearly five months besieged, General Charles Townshend surrenders the garrison at Kut-Al-Amara to the Turks.
|General Sir Charles Townshend
The Lake Naroch offensive ends with German victory after the Russian attack peters out.
* The story of the Easter Risings in Ireland deserve their own post, which I have not had time to write. In an attempt to make amends, I recommend checking BBC iPlayer for several programmes and documentaries they broadcast on the subject over the centenary and also seeing if your local library can get hold of the following books for you to start your researches with:
- The Easter Rising: A Guide to Dublin in 1916 by Conor Kostick and Lorcan Collins
- The Rising, Ireland: Easter 1916 (Centenary Edition) by Fearghal McGarry
- Easter 1916 – The Irish Rebellion by Charles Townshend