A look at the major events of the conflict during August 1917:
The Vatican publishes a Peace Note from Pope Benedict XV suggesting an initiative on which a peace might be based.
General Lavr Kornilov succeeds General Brusilov as Russian Commander-in-Chief
Austrian-German forces recapture Czernowitz in Bukovina on the Eastern Front
Liberia declares war on Germany.
Richard von Kuhlmann is appointed Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs in Germany.
The Battle of Marasesti begins as German troops launch an attack against Russian and Romanian forces.
The British steamer SS Iran is sunk in the Azores by the German submarine U-155 as it travels from Calcutta to London.
Count Moric Esterhazy resigns as Premier of Austria
The British Labour Party decides to send representatives to a consultative conference in Stockholm.
British forces attack on the Gheluvelt Plateau but achieved only small gains in the offensive at Ypres.
Arthur Henderson resigns from the War Cabinet when his idea for an international conference on the war is voted down.
German Gotha bombers attack Southend and Margate in a bombing raid that results in dozens of casualties.
The new Chinese President Feng Kuo-chang (Feng Guozhang) declares war on Germany and Austria-Hungary.
The Battle of Hill 70 begins between the Canadian Corps and the German Sixth Army along the Western Front on the outskirts of Lens in the Nord-Pas-de-Calais region of France.
The second Allied general attack in the Ypres offensive, the Battle of Langemarck, begins. Adverse weather conditions severely hamper both German and British troops.
Italian forces battle against the Austro-Hungarians along the Isonzo River again in the eleventh Battle of the Isonzo.
The Second Offensive Battle of Verdun takes place on the banks of the River Meuse as British troops launch an assault on the Verdun battlefields.
Sandor Wekerie is appointed Prime Minister of Hungary for the third time in his career.
Italian forces occupy the summit of Monte Santo and continue their advance towards the Bainsizza Plateau during the Eleventh Battle of the Isonzo.
The Battle of Hill 70 comes to an end. The localised battle involved extensive use of poison gas on both sides (including Sulfur Mustard and Diphosgene) and ultimately the goals of the Canadian Corps have only been partially accomplished.
British forces capture enemy positions east of Hargicourt.
French forces launch and attach on the front at Verdun and capture Le Mort Homme.
The United States reply to the Papal Peace Note. President Wilson rejects a peace based on the Pope’s proposals, implying that there is no chance of peace until the German people overthrow their government.
The Moscow State Conference closes after 3 days. It was convened by the Provisional Government to mobilise all the counterrevolutionary forces in Russia.
The British steamer SS Treloske is sunk by the German submarine U-93 as it travels between Barry and Las Spezia with a cargo of coal.
Louis Malvy resigns as French Minister of the Interior after he is blamed for not suppressing pacifist agitators.