WWI: Fifty two months, fifty two posts – 37 – Another Month of War

A look at the major events of the conflict during August 1917:

August 1st
The Vatican publishes a Peace Note from Pope Benedict XV suggesting an initiative on which a peace might be based.

August 2nd
General Lavr Kornilov succeeds General Brusilov as Russian Commander-in-Chief

image1

August 3rd
Austrian-German forces recapture Czernowitz in Bukovina on the Eastern Front

August 4th
Liberia declares war on Germany.

August 5th
Richard von Kuhlmann is appointed Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs in Germany.

August 6th
The Battle of Marasesti begins as German troops launch an attack against Russian and Romanian forces.

Marasesti

August 7th
The British steamer SS Iran is sunk in the Azores by the German submarine U-155 as it travels from Calcutta to London.

August 9th
Count Moric Esterhazy resigns as Premier of Austria

August 10th
The British Labour Party decides to send representatives to a consultative conference in Stockholm.

British forces attack on the Gheluvelt Plateau but achieved only small gains in the offensive at Ypres.

August 11th
Arthur Henderson resigns from the War Cabinet when his idea for an international conference on the war is voted down.

August 12th
German Gotha bombers attack Southend and Margate in a bombing raid that results in dozens of casualties.

Southend

Aftermath of attack on Southend

August 14th
The new Chinese President Feng Kuo-chang (Feng Guozhang) declares war on Germany and Austria-Hungary.

August 15th
The Battle of Hill 70 begins between the Canadian Corps and the German Sixth Army along the Western Front on the outskirts of Lens in the Nord-Pas-de-Calais region of France.

August 16th
The second Allied general attack in the Ypres offensive, the Battle of Langemarck, begins. Adverse weather conditions severely hamper both German and British troops.

Langemarck

August 18th
Italian forces battle against the Austro-Hungarians along the Isonzo River again in the eleventh Battle of the Isonzo.

August 20th
The Second Offensive Battle of Verdun takes place on the banks of the River Meuse as British troops launch an assault on the Verdun battlefields.

August 21st
Sandor Wekerie is appointed Prime Minister of Hungary for the third time in his career.

August 24nd
Italian forces occupy the summit of Monte Santo and continue their advance towards the Bainsizza Plateau during the Eleventh Battle of the Isonzo.

August 25th
The Battle of Hill 70 comes to an end. The localised battle involved extensive use of poison gas on both sides (including Sulfur Mustard and Diphosgene) and ultimately the goals of the Canadian Corps have only been partially accomplished.

image5

August 26th
British forces capture enemy positions east of Hargicourt.

French forces launch and attach on the front at Verdun and capture Le Mort Homme.

August 27th
The United States reply to the Papal Peace Note. President Wilson rejects a peace based on the Pope’s proposals, implying that there is no chance of peace until the German people overthrow their government.

American Peace

August 28th
The Moscow State Conference closes after 3 days. It was convened by the Provisional Government to mobilise all the counterrevolutionary forces in Russia.

August 29th
The British steamer SS Treloske is sunk by the German submarine U-93 as it travels between Barry and Las Spezia with a cargo of coal.

August 31st
Louis Malvy resigns as French Minister of the Interior after he is blamed for not suppressing pacifist agitators.

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